Useful Information

Did you know?

  • Israel is only 0.0016 percent of the total size of the Middle East
  • "Ben Gurion" airport is considered the most secure airport in the world
  • Israel has more museums per person than any other country in the world
  • The Dead Sea is the lowest point in the entire planet
  • Eilat has the largest concentration of migratory birds in the world
  • Tel Aviv is the largest center of Bauhaus architecture in the world
  • Jerusalem is home to more than 2000 archeological sites
  • More than half of the Western Wall is located under street level in Jerusalem
  • Haifa is the center of the Baha'i religion
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Visa requirements

All visitors to Israel must have a valid Passport for at least six months as of the date of entering the country.

Many countries have a Visa Exemption Program with Israel which allows their citizens to enter Israel without a previous visa application.

Before embarking on their trip, visitors wishing to enter Israel must consult with the Israeli Embassy in their country or with their travel agency to know whether they are required a pre-established tourist visa
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Health

Israel is amongst those western countries with the highest level of medical assistance. Tourists visiting Israel are not required to be vaccinated before arrival. 
Travel insurance covering illness or hospitalization is recommended.
In case of needing deferrable medical assistance, the insurance company covering the visitor or the hotel reception must be contacted. For emergency cases, the visitor must go to the first aid and emergency rooms at local hospitals or contact the Magen David Adom organization (the Israeli equivalent to the Red Cross) which offer 24 hour emergency medical services in addition to ambulance services to the nearest emergency room.
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Climate

The climate in Israel is varied, making it attractive for visiting during the entire year. Located in a subtropical area, it has a hot, dry summer season, a semi-humid cold winter season and a pleasant spring and fall.
The most moderate seasons are spring (March, April and May) and fall (September, October and November), with average temperatures of 20 º C. It is an ideal time to enjoy pleasurable walks outdoors. Temperatures go down during evening hours, particularly in mountainous areas like the Golan and Jerusalem. 
Winter in Israel is relatively comfortable and offers varied activity options. While it’s possible to enjoy snow, skiing and the scenery at Mount Hermon (sometimes it also snows in the Galilee and in Jerusalem), the southern port of Eilat is the perfect destination to escape cold weather, sunbathe and to do some duty free shopping. 
Israel is hot in the summer, with average temperatures of more than 30º and close to 40º C in the South and in Galilee. Some places, like Tel Aviv, Haifa and Tiberias are more humid, and others like Jerusalem, Eilat and the Dead Sea are dry. The hottest months are June and in particular, July and August. Using sun block products and drinking plenty of liquids during this season is highly recommended.
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Money and currency

The national currency of Israel is the New Israeli Shekel (NIS), better known as Shekel. One Shekel is equivalent to 100 agoroth (cents). Coins available are of 10 and 50 agoroth, and half, 1, 2, 5 and 10 Shekels. Banknotes come in the form of 20, 50, 100 and 200 Shekels.
There is no limitation to the amount of Money visitors are allowed to bring into the country, however there are restrictions to the amount of local currency that can be taken out of the country. 
Most kinds of foreign currency can be exchanged at the airport, banks, post offices, hotels and authorized exchange agencies. The exchange rate may differ from one to the other. Also, most credit cards are accepted and many ATMs allow for withdrawal of foreign and local currency.
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National holidays

Jewish festivities in Israel are manifested in traditional as well as non-traditional forms.
In the Jewish calendar, each day begins at sundown and ends in the evening of the following day.
The Sabbath is the day of rest and it begins, for example, on Friday afternoon and ends 24 hours later, on Saturday evening. During the Sabbath most commercial activity is at a standstill, including public transportation, banks and offices. The first day of the week is Sunday, which is a regular working day. 
During some Jewish holidays activities close down, while on others, everything remains open as if it was a regular weekday. During the Succoth and Passover holidays, both of which last a week, the majority of public and educational entities work half days or are closed. Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), which is the holiest day in Jewish religion, is the only day in which, except for emergency services, the entire country is closed down, converting the city streets into pedestrian walkways.
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Electricity

Voltage in Israel is equivalent to the European standard, 220v 50Hz, with three-prong outlets. For American appliances an electrical transformer is needed, and it can be obtained in Israel.

Transportation

The country has a modern network of roads and good public transportation services between the main cities at reasonable prices. 

Buses are the most popular form of public transportation in Israel, for local urban transportation as well as for inter-urban traveling. The operation schedule in the principal cities begins very early in the morning and continues until midnight. Busses are comfortable and generally air-conditioned with regular and frequent service. Tickets can be purchased from the bus driver or at ticket stands at the central bust stations of each city.

Trains are quite convenient, especially during rush hours. They service Tel Aviv and most of the larger cities from Naharya in the North and up to Dimona in the South, and include Jerusalem and Ben Gurion airport. Train tickets may be purchased at the ticket office or ticket vending machines at the stations. Seats can also be reserved ahead of time.

It is also possible to travel by taxi cab, but it is more expensive, especially for inter-urban travel. Therefore, it is preferable to use shared service cabs (moniot sherut).

Several airlines offer internal flights between Eilat and Ben Gurion airport, Sdeh Dov airport in North Tel Aviv, or Haifa.

Students are entitled to discounts in public transportation. To receive the discount they must present their international student card at the station´s ticket windows.

Public transportation does not operate on weekends, except for private taxicabs and in some cities, shared service taxicabs.

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Time

A time change takes place in Israel twice every year, once in the summer and once in winter. In summer, time is GMT + 3, and in winter it is GMT + 2.


Phone Country Code: +972

Emergency phone numbers

  • Police: 100
  • Ambulance: 101
  • Fire-fighters: 102

Useful words

I don´t understand HebrewAnee lo meveen ivrit
Hello, Goodbye, PeaceShalom
OkBeseder
ThanksTodah
PleaseBevakashah
Good Tov
Bad Rah
Yes Ken
No Lo
Thank you Todah rabah
Sorry Slicha
Correct Nachon
Good morning Boker Tov
Good afternoon Erev Tov
Good night Lila Tov
See you later Lehitraoth
I want Anee Rotzeh (f.: rotza)
I need Anee tzarich (f.: tzricha)
How much Kamah zeh oleh
Where Eifoh
When Matay
Restaurant Misadah
Bill Cheshvon
Good appetite Beteavon
Bathroom Sheruteem
Taxi Moneet
Train Rakevet
Bus Autoboos
Doctor Rofeh
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Words used in the street

Yallah - Let´s go!
Sababa- OK
Balagan- Mess
Haval al hazmahn- Excellent (Literally:waste of time)
Stam- Nothing special

Popular food

Falafel 
 Shawarma  Hummus  Sabich


 

    
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